Stylistic editing.  Eliminating jargon, and editing for grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

No matter how many times you’ve read, re-read, and revised your text, a second pair of eyes will invariably detect errors, omissions, inconsistencies, and inaccuracies that could potentially undermine your credibility as a reliable author.


Substantive editing.  Clarifying and reorganizing for content, meaning, and structure.

Lengthy monographs may not always require this kind of exhaustive revision, but shorter texts – essays, articles, reports, studies, speeches, media releases, newsletters – often benefit from being thoroughly reviewed to ensure their overall effectiveness.


Proofreading.  Checking for errors and for adherence to a journal’s or publisher’s style guidelines.

Most publishers and journals require authors to follow particular style guidelines, and these can be rather intricate. I ensure that your text meets your publisher’s specific prerequisites.


Indexing.  Compiling a detailed index from your manuscript file and then from a publisher’s proofs.

I ensure that your index is appropriate for your intended audience, that headings and subheadings are comprehensive and concise, and that there are enough cross-references to direct, but not overwhelm, the reader.